There are a variety of causes for both hip pain and knee pain. While the hip joint can withstand a good amount of wear of tear, it’s not indestructible. With age and usage, the hip cartilage can wear down. Muscles and tendons in the hip can also get overused. The anatomy of the knee is complex; it has bones, pads of cartilage and a joint capsule. Injury or aging can cause joint pain in the knee.
Causes of Hip Pain
Osteoarthritis is the main culprit of hip pain in older adults. OA can lead to a breakdown of the cartilage and inflammation in the hip joint. Along with pain, there’s a reduced range of motion in the hip and stiffness.
Bursitis can also cause pain in the hip. Bursae are the sacs of fluid that reduce friction. If they get inflamed, they can cause pain. Typically, it’s repetitive activities that irritate the hip joint and cause pain. Like bursitis, tendinitis can cause inflammation and is usually caused by repetitive stress from movement.
Muscle or tendon strain is also a result of overuse. Repeated activities can put a strain on the ligaments, tendons, and muscles that support the hips. If any of these are inflamed, the hip won’t work normally, and there will be a pain.
Causes of Knee Pain
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, Meniscus Injuries, Osteoarthritis, Ligamentous, and Tendon injuries can cause knee pain. Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a broad term used to describe pain in the front of the knee and around the patella, or kneecap. It is sometimes called “runner’s knee” or “jumper’s knee” because it is common in people who participate in sports—particularly females and young adults—but PFPS can occur in non-athletes, as well. The pain and stiffness caused by PFPS can make it difficult to climb stairs, kneel down, and perform other everyday activities.
The menisci can be torn if the knee is bent and twisted. Ligaments can be torn as well. If it’s not repaired, the risk of developing osteoarthritis increases. Any sudden change in direction or twisting motion can injure the anterior cruciate ligament. Most of the injuries are the result of a blow to the outside of the knee. Tendon injuries can result if the tendon is overstretched. Activities that can injure tendons include squatting, running and jumping.
The Benefits of Physical Therapy for Hip and Knee Pain
There are many benefits of physical therapy. Improved mobility, reduction of pain, less inflammation and a better lifestyle are just a few. The initial visit to a physical therapist for pain in the hip will consist of tests, such as a gait evaluation, range of motion measurement and strength measurements. Then, your physical therapist will create a personalized treatment plan. Passive treatments may include ultrasound and ice. There will also be specific exercises to improve hip/knee strength, pain, and mobility. Treatment with a physical therapist for pain in the hip or knee can result in a faster recovery and help you avoid surgery. Plus, you won’t have to just rely on pain meds anymore.
If you’re suffering from hip pain, knee pain or any type of joint pain, contact us at Battle Creek, Kalamazoo, Mattawan, Plainwell, E. Kalamazoo, Schoolcraft & Portage, MI centers. Our trained and skilled physical therapists are your path to recovery. Be sure to set up a one-on-one consultation for a comprehensive assessment and say goodbye to pain. We are committed to giving you a healthy and painless life.